Adult sex community
Field research uncovered specific, targeted methods for managing sex offenders and led to insights that culminated in a detailed proposal -- a model containment process -- for the management of adult sex offenders serving community sentences.
Five-part model containment process The model process for managing adult sex offenders in the community is a containment approach that seeks to hold offenders accountable through the combined use of both offenders' internal controls and external control measures (such as the use of the polygraph and relapse prevention plans).
Protection and recovery of the victim and the well-being of the community are concerns that guide policy development, program implementation, and actions of professionals working with sexual assault victims and perpetrators.
In this approach to sex offender management, the client is the community.
The model process evolved from insights gleaned from field research in six States.
o Probation and parole agencies with specialized caseloads were more likely to report use of such community-safety approaches as emphasis on after-hours monitoring of offenders and an orientation focusing on victim protection.
o More than 80 percent of probation and parole respondents stated that mental health treatment is mandated for sex offenders under community supervision.
Not all sex offenders share all the following characteristics, and the absence of a particular characteristic does not mean the individual is not a sex offender. Sex offenders have secretive and manipulative lifestyles, and many of their sexual assaults are so well planned that they appear to occur without forethought. The skills used to manipulate victims have also been employed to manipulate criminal justice officials. o Many sex offenders are otherwise highly functioning people who use their social skills to commit their crimes. o Sex offenders typically have developed complicated and persistent psychological and social systems constructed to assist them in denying and minimizing the harm they inflict on others, and often they are very accomplished at presenting to others a facade designed to hide the truth about themselves. o Many sex offenders commit a wide range and large number of sexually deviant acts during their lives and show a continued propensity to reoffend. In a study of 561 compulsive adult subjects, rapists reported a lifetime average of 7 incidents and exhibitionists more than 500.
In this sample of 561 voluntary subjects, about 54 percent reported having at least two paraphilias; 20 percent participated in deviant behavior without regard to victim gender; and 23.3 percent reported offending against both family and nonfamily victims. Knowledge of the actual dynamics of sex offending is not widespread, but the public's awareness of sex offenders is increasing and is often manifested as outrage at particularly heinous sexual assaults, especially those committed by offenders under community supervision.
Research sponsored by the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and conducted by the Colorado Division of Criminal Justice addressed those questions through (1) a national telephone survey of 732 probation and parole supervisors and (2) field research in six States (see "Research Methods").